Atlanta Tornado


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Main Article


Tornado over downtown Atlanta

The tornado struck downtown Atlanta, Georgia, at about 9:30 pm on March 14, 2008.


Sorry, articles are not in any order!

Centennial Olympic Park, which had been closed for a week after a tornado blasted through downtown, is set to reopen today (Sat.) after workers used vacuums and their hands to pick up glass blown into the park...

Centennial Olympic Park officials on Friday also removed the two Hermes Towers, which resemble giant Olympic torches, that had fallen during the storm, said Katy Pando, spokeswoman for the Georgia World Congress Center, which oversees the park's operations. The area around the Fountain of Rings will remain closed for a few more days because of safety concerns, Pando said.

Downtown twister wreaks havoc on historic cemetery, skyscrapers, arenas, hospitals and even a barbershop

By Rhonda Cook, Phil Gast, Paul Kasko, S.A. Reid, Michelle E. Shaw, Leon Stafford, Gayle White
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution

Published on: 03/16/08 Centennial Olympic Park. Two of the "Hermes Towers" —- the 65-foot-tall light towers that resemble giant Olympic torches —- were blown down at the park.

CNN Center/Omni Hotel. The roof of the CNN Center was damaged, and water from storms reached the atrium floor several stories below. The atrium area was closed Saturday morning. Dozens of windows of the Omni Hotel were shattered or pulled from their frames by the storm's force.

Ebenezer Baptist Church. Tree limbs and other debris were blown in from other areas, but no damage was reported by officials connected to the historic church.

Equitable Building. Numerous windows on all sides of the Peachtree Street building were broken out. Strong winds sucked white blinds out of some openings and whipped them around. Some shattered windows were patched with what appeared to be white fabric. Large pieces of metal siding occupied the sidewalk near a ground-floor business, Flowers by Lucas.

Georgia-Pacific Building. The windows were shattered on three sides of the building at Peachtree and Forsyth streets, and curtains in upper-floor windows could be seen swaying in the wind. The area around the building was roped off for at least 10 yards because of broken glass dangling six stories up. Workers in hard hats were working to secure the building despite the danger.

Georgia World Congress Center. There was damage across the campus, including roof and water damage to the convention center. Katy Pando, spokeswoman for the GWCC, said the building was hit by both rainwater and water from the sprinkler system and damaged pipes inside the building. She said there were injuries, but none were serious.

Grady Hospital. At least two historic buildings in the hospital complex suffered moderate damage and 17 of 18 buildings lost power, officials said. A few windows were blown out of the cafeteria in the main hospital where inpatients are treated, but the building retained power. Georgia Hall, the original home of the 115-year-old hospital, lost windows and a chimney, said Craig Tindall, Grady's interim chief operating officer, and there was some water damage inside. Three ambulances —- including Grady's only operating neonatal transport unit —- were out of commission Saturday because of storm damage.

Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum. The center was pummeled by rain but there were no signs of flooding or building damage.

Martin Luther King Center. Rich Klima, park ranger with the National Parks Service, said the national historic site escaped major damage.Oakland Cemetery. Dozens of trees and old monuments were toppled by the storm. "We took a big hit," said Sam Reed, sexton, or caretaker, of the property. He estimated that 50 or 60 old trees, including the oldest crape myrtle, were down. Many more, including ancient magnolias, were damaged and may have to be removed. The 100-year-old ladies comfort station that was under renovation was split in two by a tree. Winds also tossed headstones and obelisks. The 20-foot obelisk for the Winship family was toppled from its platform and had broken in half across a paved path. Metal from the nearby train tracks, paper from nearby offices and other trash littered the grounds. A shredded window blind was draped like a necklace around the marker for James L. Bell, a Confederate soldier who died in 1918.

Philips Arena. There was no discernible exterior damage, but officials canceled Saturday night's Winter Jam Spectacular. The event won't be made up.
SunTrust Building. Mangled blinds dangled out of broken windows on one side of the high-rise building. The building's entrance area, damaged by the storm, was boarded up Saturday morning.

Tabernacle. The 98-year-old Atlanta landmark took a severe hit: Windows were blown out, the roof was "severely" damaged and a water pipe broke. "We're pretty much messed up," said building manager Eric Snoddy. "It's going to be awhile before we reopen, but it looks like we survived better than some places."

History (Taken from wikipedia)

Built in 1910 as a Baptist church, the four story brick structure, located at 152 Luckie Street, was used until the 1980s. The building was then vacant until 1996 when it was converted into a House of Blues club during the 1996 Summer Olympics. Just across the street from Centennial Olympic Park, the Tabernacle had a prime location to attract concert goers. After the Olympics, it continued to be a concert venue under different owners.

2008 Tornado

On March 14, 2008, the Tabernacle sustained extensive damage when a tornado tore through downtown Atlanta. Windows were blown out and the roof was “severely” damaged. A broken water pipe caused additional damage. It is unknown how long repairs will take.


Ted's Montana Grill. A downtown Atlanta penthouse belonging to the owner, philanthropist and media mogul Ted Turner, was damaged. Turner was not in the residence at the time. Ed Bazor, director of construction for Ted's, said one person suffered a minor cut from shattered glass. Bazor said the building had at least $25,000 in damage. Workers were patching windows Saturday so the restaurant could reopen.

Westin Peachtree Plaza Hotel. The sidewalks below the landmark cylindrical high-rise were littered with yellow insulation, broken glass and pieces of metal Saturday morning. Several windows were blown out.

Walton Building barbershop. The police officers and firefighters who get their hair cut at this historic snip shop may have to find a new barber. The barbershop, facing Cone Street, suffered major damage. Large plate-glass windows were blown out and pieces of the drop ceiling sagged inside.

CHARLES W. JONES / Staff DOWNTOWN ATLANTA TORNADO A tornado warning was issued Friday night at about 9:30. When it touched down eight minutes later, it became the first tornado on record to hit downtown Atlanta. Tornado's estimated touchdown The EF-2 twister left debris along a 6-mile stretch and was as wide as 200 yards with wind gusts up to 135 mph. Damaged areas: Georgia Dome, Georgia World Congress Center, CNN Center, Centennial Olympic Park, Tabernacle, Ted's Montana Grill, Westin Peachtree Plaza, Philips Arena, Walton Bldg. barbershop, Equitable building, Georgia Pacific, SunTrust, Georgia State University, Grady Memorial Hospital, St. Joseph's Mercy Clinic, Fulton Cotton Mill Lofts Need assistance? The Red Cross has two help stations to assist displaced residents. * Helene Mills recreation center, 515 John Wesley Dobbs Ave. * Central Park recreation center, 400 Merritts Ave. Map of downtown Atlanta shows path of the tornado relative to landmarks. Inset map outlines area of detail relative to metro Atlanta. Sources: Fulton County Emergency Management Agency, National Weather Service.


• Friday night's tornado was declared a category EF2, with the strongest winds reaching 135 mph. Tornadoes can reach up to a category EF5 with 300 mph winds. The tornado was 200 yards wide at its widest. It left a path of damage six miles long, said meteorologist Mike Griesinger with the National Weather Service.

• Friday's twister touched down near the World Congress center, Philips Arena, the Equitable Building, and then across to Cabbagetown. The twister is the first to hit downtown Atlanta since such weather recording-keeping began in the 1880s, Griesinger said.

• Damage was sufficient. At Centennial Olympic Park, two of the 65-foot tall "Hermes Towers" that resemble giant Olympic torches were blown down. The Georgia World Congress Center reported widespread damage, including to its roof. Even a downtown Atlanta penthouse belonging to Ted Turner suffered damage. The familiar bison-shaped sign outside his Ted's Montana Grill restaurant will need to be replaced.

• The tornado may have seemed to strike Atlanta with no warning, but that's not true. The weather service issued a tornado warning about 12 minutes before the twister touched down in the city, Griesinger said.

"There was a warning," he said.

He said 12 minutes is about an average amount of time for a tornado warning. The warnings are sent out to local TV stations, weather radios, emergency management offices and cell phones programed to receive weather alerts. The TV stations typically air such warnings almost instantaneously, he said.

Friday's storm hit fast and furious -- and with little warning.

Shortly before 10 p.m., winds whirled through downtown Atlanta, taking aim at CNN Center, the Omni Hotel and the Georgia Dome, which was packed with thousands of Southeastern Conference basketball fans.

The bulk of the storm's wrath fell on the core of the city.

Sections of the Georgia Dome's roof were ripped off, forcing officials to move the four remaining games in the SEC tournament -- three today and one on Sunday -- to Georgia Tech's Alexander Memorial Coliseum. Ticket holders will not be allowed in the arena. The first of three games today -- Georgia-Kentucky -- tipped off at noon, with the Bulldogs pulling off a 60-56 upset in overtime.

Access to the remaining games of the tournament will be limited to athletes' family members, cheerleaders, bands and other credentialed individuals, the SEC announced.

Officials from the SEC, the schools remaining in the tourney and the Dome deliberated from midnight to roughly 4 a.m. Saturday before announcing a new schedule and ticket policy. Alexander seats 9,191 fans, much fewer than the 25,000 the Dome holds.

For a few nervous minutes during Saturday's action, fans at Alexander Memorial Coliseum had a sense of tornado deja vu. Fans from both Tennessee and Arkansas were allowed into the building at about 4 p.m., two hours before tipoff of the Volunteers' and Razorbacks' tournament semifinal game.

Not long after the fans came in, the public address announcer informed the crowd that a tornado warning had been issued for Atlanta and that they should come further inside the coliseum and away from the glass that surrounds the concourse. They didn't have to be warned twice and scurried into the interior of the coliseum.

Not long after that, a severe thunderstorm came through downtown, pounding the roof of the coliseum, not unlike the way the Georgia Dome roof was pounded Friday night.


(Two of eight torches fell.)





Cent.  Olympic Park Re-opens Following Storm

(AP) Part of the storm-damaged Centennial Olympic Park is now open to the public after being closed a week for cleanup and repair.

The north portion of the park spanning from Andrew Young International Boulevard to the Georgia Aquarium opened Saturday.

A March 14th tornado ripped through downtown Atlanta, downing trees and scattering debris across the park and other parts of the city'score.

Park officials hope to open the rest of the park by the end of the week.



A professional basketball game at Philips Arena next door was not disrupted, but the thousands attending that game also had to make their way home through the storm debris.

Police closed several streets in the vicinity of CNN Center because of glass and other debris. Two of Centennial Olympic Park's towering Olympic torches were toppled and a performance pavilion was destroyed.

Inside CNN Center, water poured through the damaged roof into the building's atrium. Glass shattered, and parts of the building filled with dust.

Virtually all of the windows facing Centennial Olympic Park on the Omni Hotel, which is adjacent to CNN Center, were shattered. Visitors to the hotel were moved to the facility's exhibition hall at street level.

CNN moved its national desk operation to another location Saturday after parts of the ceiling fell in, and CNN International aired domestic programming. Windows also shattered in the newsroom, and CNN's library was damaged.


Waves of severe thunderstorms streaked through downtown Atlanta on Saturday, hours after a tornado left a trail of destruction through the heart of the city.
While the news network has numerous affiliates, CNN primarily broadcasts from its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta, the Time Warner Center in New York City, and studios in Washington, D.C.

CNN: The Atlanta Olympic Games

CNN's Olympic coverage includes top news stories, information on the Olympic Torch relay, news by sporting event and more.







March 14-15




An isolated supercell developed in west-central Georgia in the evening of March 14. An EF2 tornado was reported in downtown Atlanta, which caused damage to several buildings, including the Georgia Dome (while a SEC Tournament basketball game was underway), the World Congress Center, Philips Arena (during an Atlanta Hawks game), and CNN Center. Many windows were blown out of the Omni Hotel, which was evacuated. A building collapse was also reported according to CNN coverage, and at least nine people were injured (one critically)and there was one reported death. Several buildings were also flooded. The tornado was later confirmed as an EF2 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale and had a path length of a about 6 miles long and 200 yards wide and caused at least several millions of dollars in damage.

On March 15, a moderate risk of severe weather was issued for the same area, with more tornadoes possible. At midday, the risk area was extended to the Carolina Coast. Later that day, a high risk was issued for Northern Georgia and part of South Carolina. Several tornadoes have been reported with fatalities and damage reported across a swath from Alabama eastward. A tornado emergency was also issued on the afternoon of March 15 for Atlanta and its immediate suburbs for a tornado that did not occur.

As of March 16, all severe weather watches and warnings have ended and moved off out into the Atlantic Ocean.



The games had a profound impact on the city of Atlanta and many in the Atlanta metro area consider the Games to be instrumental in transforming Atlanta into the modernized city it has become. One example of this modernization is the mid-rise dormitories built for the Olympic Village. One of these complexes became the first residential housing for Georgia State University, and has recently been transferred for use by the Georgia Institute of Technology. Other examples include Turner Field, which was a modification of the original Centennial Olympic Stadium, and where the Atlanta Braves baseball team now makes its home. Centennial Olympic Park was also built for the events and is still in use.


Some felt Athens should have had the right to host the games because it marked the 100th anniversary of the modern Olympic games.[1] The IOC instead voted, in 1990, for Atlanta, predicting that Athens' infrastructure could not be improved enough in time to successfully host the Games. Athens would eventually win the right to host the 2004 Summer Olympics.



Tornado confirmed in downtown Atlanta


ATLANTA, Georgia (CNN) -- An EF-2 tornado with winds up to 130 mph struck Atlanta Friday night, leaving a trail of uprooted and broken trees, downed utility lines, peeled-off roofs and collapsed brick walls marked the path of a tornado that tore through downtown Atlanta.

Utility and cleanup crews on Saturday worked to restore traffic lights, clear streets and remove tons of debris in the city's business district after Friday night's unusual urban storm.

At least one person was killed Saturday as a dangerous line of thunderstorms continued to prompt watches and warnings across northern Georgia north of Atlanta, officials said.

The fatality occurred near Aragon, Georgia, said Polk County dispatcher Thomas Wilson. There are also unconfirmed reports of other fatalities and of homes destroyed, he said.



Friday's tornado plowed a path about 6 miles long and 200 yards wide.

The twister appears to have first struck several houses and churches west of the business district, then moved on to the Georgia Dome, CNN Center, Centennial Olympic Park and Cabbagetown.

A brick apartment building west of the Dome was entirely roofless Saturday morning.

Curtains waved through broken windows high up the cylindrical 73-story Westin Peachtree Plaza hotel. Gaping holes were torn in the roof of the Georgia World Congress Center, and an auto parts warehouse just east of downtown partially collapsed.

Although tens of thousands of people were in the path of the storm -- many in town for a major college basketball tournament -- there were no known deaths and just one life-threatening injury, police said.

About 30 people -- one of them a firefighter -- were treated at hospitals, mostly for minor cuts, scrapes and bruises, police said.

The American Red Cross reported about 70 people were using one shelter it established, and a second was added later in the morning.

The storm struck the 71,000-seat Georgia Dome at 9:45 p.m. during a Southeastern Conference tournament basketball game. It shattered windows and tore roofs from buildings -- including CNN Center -- before continuing into several residential neighborhoods.

Mahsud Olufani, an Atlanta painter and sculptor with a studio in Cabbagetown, said, "It looks like a bomb went off, it looks like World War III."

A large hole could be seen in the 14th floor of a high-rise dorm at Georgia State University in downtown Atlanta. Students were evacuated from the area on buses.

The storm interrupted a Southeastern Conference game between Alabama and Mississippi State.

"It was actually in overtime, and the game was getting exciting, and I thought people from the Alabama side were hitting the bleachers trying to get some noise going," said basketball fan Lucas Shields. "All of a sudden the TV went out, the overhead clock stopped working, and you hear that distinctive noise of a train."

Amanda Reimann, an iReporter and University of Georgia cheerleader, said she and her teammates heard a loud noise.

"It sounded like the fans were banging on the seats or stomping their feet, but it kept up and got a lot louder," she said. "Then the ceiling of the Dome started waving, the giant TV screens were waving, and light fixures and dust started falling.

"My teammates and I thought it was a bomb but our coach came running for us and a security guy and said it was a tornado. We all ran for the locker room."

The game resumed about an hour later, but a later game between Kentucky and Georgia was postponed.

A professional basketball game at Philips Arena next door was not disrupted, but the thousands attending that game also had to make their way home through the storm debris.

Police closed several streets in the vicinity of CNN Center because of glass and other debris. Two of Centennial Olympic Park's towering Olympic torches were toppled and a performance pavilion was destroyed.

Inside CNN Center, water poured through the damaged roof into the building's atrium. Glass shattered, and parts of the building filled with dust.

Virtually all of the windows facing Centennial Olympic Park on the Omni Hotel, which is adjacent to CNN Center, were shattered. Visitors to the hotel were moved to the facility's exhibition hall at street level.



The storm arrived with little forewarning. A tornado warning was issued for the downtown area a few minutes before the storm hit. "Ironically, the guy behind me got a phone call saying there was a tornado warning," said Lisa Lynn, who was attending the game at the Georgia Dome. "And in two seconds, we heard the noise and things started to shake. It was creepy."


At Centennial Olympic Park, located near CNN and the Omni Hotel, two Olympic torch sculptures had fallen over, and a performance pavilion was destroyed. A high-rise dorm at Georgia State University was damaged by the tornado, as evidenced by a large hole in the building's 14th floor. University students were evacuated on buses.


ATLANTA, Georgia (CNN) -- At least 20 homes in Atlanta's historic Cabbagetown neighborhood were flattened by a tornado that ripped through downtown Atlanta on Friday night, a spokeswoman for the mayor said.

Firefighters fear there could be people dead inside the ruins of a collapsed loft complex in the same neighborhood, the spokeswoman said.

There have been no deaths confirmed from the tornado, but at least 15 people were treated at two hospitals. Most of the injuries were minor cuts, scrapes and bruises, officials said.

The Fulton Cotton Mill Lofts, just east of downtown Atlanta, collapsed in a "pancake fashion," Atlanta Fire Chief Kelvin Cochran said early Saturday.

The tornado that ripped through the heart of the city damaged the roof of the Georgia Dome during a college basketball game, shattered windows and ripped roofs from buildings before continuing into several residential neighborhoods.

The building that houses CNN was at the epicenter of the storm -- sitting next to the dome and hotels where thousands of basketball fans attending the Southeastern Conference tournament were at least temporarily displaced.

"It was actually in overtime, and the game was getting exciting, and I thought people from the Alabama side were hitting the bleachers trying to get some noise going," said Lucas Shields, who was attending the game between Mississippi State and the University of Alabama.

"All of a sudden the TV went out, the overhead clock stopped working, and you hear that distinctive noise of a train."

Timothy Wood, 30, of Cumming, Georgia, took refuge from rain at Philips Arena. "First thing I saw were cups then I saw larger objects -- like parts of Philips Arena were coming off and being blown into the street," Wood said.

Police closed several streets in the vicinity of CNN Center because of glass and other debris from the storm.

The storm tracked from the northwest side of the city to the southeast, demolishing buildings and downing trees that crushed cars and ripped through the roofs of homes.

At the Fulton Cotton Mill Lofts, damage was extensive.

Mahsud Olufani, an Atlanta painter and sculptor with a studio in one of the other buildings, said he rushed to his studio when he saw news of the damage.

"It looks like a bomb went off, it looks like World War III," he said. "It's a disaster area."

The converted lofts also were the site of a massive 1999 fire, during which a dramatic helicopter rescue was televised worldwide.

In the neighborhood of East Atlanta, resident Cameron Beasley said he could see four or five homes with storm damage, including trees knocked through their roofs, and several cars crushed by downed trees.

"Something really fierce came down," said Beasley, who said he and his wife ran with their two children into their basement about 15 seconds before the storm hit. "It was just crushing cars, crushing houses."

The National Weather Service had issued a tornado warning for the area, in effect until 10 p.m. The storm came through at about 9:45 p.m.

Inside CNN Center, water poured through damage in the ceiling into the building's atrium. Glass shattered, and parts of the building filled with dust.

Virtually all of the windows facing Centennial Olympic Park on the Omni Hotel, which is attached to CNN Center, were shattered, leaving curtains flapping in the darkened windows. Visitors to the hotel were evacuated to the facility's exhibition hall at street level.

Windows also were shattered in the newsroom, with staffers saying that there was a computer missing -- apparently sucked through one of the windows. CNN's library was also damaged.

Outside the building, debris littered the streets and billboards collapsed onto parked cars. Centennial Olympic Park was also severely damaged.

Next door at the Georgia Dome, the Alabama-Mississippi State game was halted. The storm visibly rippled the ceiling of the dome and caused some damage, video of the arena showed. Scaffolding holding the facility's scoreboard swayed 15 minutes after the storm hit.

The game resumed about an hour later, but a later game between Kentucky and Georgia was postponed.

Joe Bryson, 28, of Cumming, Georgia, was outside when the winds hit.

"When it started to drizzle a little bit, everyone got under some shelter, watching things develop. It started to pick up a bit. When the metal barriers fell over and started skidding along the ground that's when everyone started -- not panicking -- but going inside.

"I saw two fellas who were running to come to shelter and they were getting pushed from the back [by the wind]. They got knocked down but got right back up and followed everyone inside," Bryson said.

Catherine Niehaus, an iReporter, was inside the Georgia Dome when she said the roof split, scaffolding slipped and the scoreboard started to sway.

Slabs of metal and insulation material smothered the streets outside. Cars and emergency vehicles were scattered among the debris as hundreds of people, many of them attending the Southeastern Conference basketball tournament, wandered around talking on cell phones.

Heaps of bricks and sheetrock were pushed up against cars. Streets signs were bent in half.

At the neighboring Georgia World Congress Center, the storm blew down a wall, allowing water to pool ankle deep inside the building.

Further east, heavy damage was reported near Grady Memorial Hospital.

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the most recent downtown tornado in the United States hit Jacksonville, Florida, August 12, 2004. There were no deaths.

According to the NOAA, the deadliest tornado to hit a downtown area in the 20th century was May 11, 1953, when 114 people were killed in Waco, Texas.

Although downtown tornadoes are rare, it's a misconception they can't happen, according to The Tornado Project, a company that gathers and compiles tornado information. "That more 'cities' aren't struck by tornadoes is probably more coincidence than anything else," according to the project's Web site.

"There are very few 'big cities' with skyscrapers in Tornado Alley. In fact, there are only a dozen, and one of them, St. Louis, Missouri, has a long history of tornadoes in its central area."



Atlanta tornado event


In their 9:00 pm EDT outlook, the Storm Prediction Center issued a slight risk of severe weather across portions of the southern United States from Oklahoma to Georgia, with a 2% risk are for tornadoes for the Atlanta area. A tornado warning was issued for Atlanta at 9:26 pm when the thunderstorm that caused the tornado was 6 miles (10 km) to the west of downtown, although no watches were in effect for the area due to the low probability and isolated nature of the storms.

A news conference held on March 15 confirmed that the tornado was a high-end EF2 tornado on the Enhanced Fujita scale. It touched down in the Vine City neighborhood of Atlanta, moving east-southeast into downtown as an EF1, and then strengthening into the Cabbagetown neighborhood, and into East Atlanta. It had a path length of about 6 mi (9.7 km) and was about 200 yd (180 m) wide

The direction of the storm was unusual, drifting southward as it moved eastward, whereas most tornadic storms have a strong northward component along (or ahead of) a cold front. It also was unusual because it was not associated with such a squall line at all, but was an independent supercell drifting well ahead of the main storm system.

March 15 tornado event

Another tornado outbreak struck the southeast the following day. A moderate risk for severe storms was issued early in the morning, and maintained through the afternoon. However, by mid afternoon, areas of east-central Georgia and central South Carolina were upgraded to a high risk of severe storms due to the tornado threat.



Georgia Dome

Main article: 2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak

On March 14, 2008, during the 2008 SEC Men's Basketball Tournament, a tornado ripped two holes in the dome during the Alabama-Mississippi State quarterfinal game, which delayed the game for 1 hour and 3 minutes. The quarterfinal game to follow between Kentucky and Georgia was postponed to the following day.[1] The resulting damage forced the rest of the tournament to be moved to the Alexander Memorial Coliseum at Georgia Tech.



 It was also home to the NBA's Atlanta Hawks during the construction of Philips Arena from 1997 to 1999, as well as hosting basketball, team handball and gymnastics during the 1996 Summer Olympics.


Atlanta-Olympic-park-tornadoe.jpg (673360 bytes)


Nabu: Spiritual Theosophical Dictionary on Nabu



Nabu (Chald.). Nebu or Nebo, generally; the Chaldean god of Secret Wisdom, from which name the Biblical, Hebrew term Nabiim (prophets) was derived. This son of Anu and Ishtar was worshipped chiefly at Borsippa; but he had also his temple at Babylon, above that of Bel, devoted to the seven planets.


Nabu: Spiritual - Theosophy Dictionary on Nebo, Nabu, Nabi' nebo



Nebo, Nabu, Nabi' nebo (Hebrew) The proclaimer by prophecy; one of the chief deities of the Chaldean or Babylonian pantheon, the god of wisdom, recognized as fully by the ancient Hebrews as by the Chaldeans. The name and function of the divinity correspond to the Greek Hermes, the Egyptian Thoth, and the Hindu Budha, all of which are related to the regent of the planet Mercury.


Mercury throughout antiquity was always called the interpreter, often in the sense of a prophet or of one able to prophesy; Nebo from time immemorial has been the name for an initiate, an adept, particularly among certain Shemitic peoples, such as the Hebrews. Among other Shemites, such as the Assyrians and Chaldeans, this name forms a part of compound proper names, such as Nebuchadnezzar, Nabopolassar, and Nabonassar.


Nebo was among the Chaldeans and other peoples a god of the secret wisdom, and that particular divinity in those lands guiding the inner development of his children or little ones -- names for initiated adepts.


The principal seat of his worship appears to have been at Borsippa (opposite the city of Babylon) where a temple-school flourished until the end of the neo-Babylonian empire -- even surviving the conquest of Babylonia by Cyrus (538 BC). His original character cannot now be determined and he may have been a solar deity, although associated with water. His consort, Tashmit, is occasionally invoked with him. Nebo's worship flourished before that of Marduk (the Biblical Merodach, probably the planet Mars and its regent), and when the latter was elevated to the chief position of the Babylonian pantheon, Nebo was regarded as his son and the two thereafter are more or less inseparable.


Even in Assyria the worship of Nebo was made more prominent than the chief deity, Assur ('Ashshur) by some of the monarchs (e.g., Assurbanipal, 668-626 BC). His hieroglyph was the stylus, for he was regarded as the god of writing, prophecy, sacred chanting, and hence of song, having charge of the tablets of fate, on which he inscribed the names of men and forecast their destiny. His wisdom was likewise associated with the study of the heavenly bodies, hence the temple-school became famed for its astrologers. "Nebo is a creator, like Budha, of the Fourth and also of the Fifth Race. For the former starts a new race of Adepts, and the latter, the Solar-LunarDynasty, or the men of these Races and Round. Both are the Adams of their respective creatures" (SD 2:456).


In the Bible Nebo is the name of a mountain near Jericho whereon Moses dies; also an adjacent city (Deut 32-4). "The fact that Moses is made to die and disappear on the mount sacred to Nebo, shows him an initiate and a priest of that god under another name . . ." (ibid.).



(See also: Nebo, Nabu, Nabi' nebo , Mysticism, Mysticism Dictionary)




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