Atbash codes are very rare and are more difficult to find than other codes since they use uncommon letters on average.
An Atbash code occurs when the first letter of the alphabet is substituted for the last and the second for the second to last, etc.
There are several well-recognized Atbash codes written by the prophet Jeremiah where
the names " Babylon" and " Chaldea" (i.e.,
Babylonia) are converted into Atbash. That portion of Jeremiah also talks about a banner being lifted up to beckon others to attack Babylon.
See the Bel-Qoph Atbash Bible Code for more about
that related Atbash. Importantly, the Bel-Qoph code directly relates to this bible code and greatly reinforces it and aids in interpreting
it. It is interesting that Atbash codes appear to always have to do with the fall of Babylon.
(Also see the Balance
Bible Code Atbash, which code also is related to this code.)
The first letter of the alphabet is substituted for the last letter, and the second for the second last letter, etc. An Atbash code using our English letters would look like this:
Parallels between the River-Atbash
and the Baal-Atbash with the Atbash by the prophet Jeremiah:
There are numerous parallels between this Atbash (at the river) and the one at Jeremiah 51. For example, the very name Bel is located within the word Babel,
which in Atbash is called "Sheshach" (Jeremiah 51:19-26), and "Sheshach" is related to the word "Bow down!" as found in the river code, but which in our Atbash reads as
"Bel"! (Bel is the Babylonian name for the god, Baal.)
Jer 51:41 How is Sheshach taken! and the praise of the whole earth seized! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!
Jer 51:42 The sea is come up upon Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof. (Also see, "Balance Bible Code Acrostic.")
Jer 51:43 Her cities are become a desolation, a dry land, and a desert, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.
Jer 51:44 And I will execute judgment upon Bel in Babylon (Hebrew, "Babel"), and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up; and
the nations shall not flow(same word as in river
bible code for "flow" or "shine") any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.
Jer 51:45 My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and save yourselves every man from the fierce anger of Jehovah.
Jer 51:46 And let not your heart faint, neither fear ye for the tidings that shall be heard in the land; for tidings shall come one year, and after that in another year shall come tidings, and violence in the land, ruler
Jer 51:47 Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will execute judgment upon the graven images of Babylon; and her whole land shall be confounded; and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.
The following is quoted from the commentary on Jer. 25:19-26 by "Keil and Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament." It represents what many commentaries have to say about the "Sheshach" Atbash. If you compare our
27-letter river-Atbash with the original river-code we see that the root meaning of the words are the same as in the Jeremiah Atbash,
"To sink down (as in water)" becomes "Bel" in the Atbash. Amazingly, this bible code agrees not only with this famous Atbash of Jer. 51 (etc.) and with its context, but also with the immediate text of Isaiah 46:1-6 in which the code/Atbash is found! 'Bel
(Baal) verses God' is the theme of both texts. In all cases, the golden image of Bel is being mocked!
Quoted from the commentary on
Jer. 25:19-26 by Keil and Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament.
"After the mention of all the kings and peoples on whom the king of Babylon is to execute judgment, it is said that he himself must at last drink the cup of wrath. is,
according to Jer. 51:41, a name for Babylon, as Jerome states, presumably on the authority of his Jewish teacher, who followed the tradition.
The assertion of Gesen. that this way of playing with words was not then in use, is groundless, as it also
Hitz.'s, when he says it appeared first during the exile, and is consequently none of Jeremiah's work. It is also erroneous when
many comm. remark, that Jeremiah made use of the mysterious name from the fear of weakening the impression of terror which the name of Babylon ought to make on their minds. These assumptions are refuted by
Jer. 25:12, where there is threatening of the punishment of
spoliation made against the king of Babylon and the land of the
Chaldeans; and by Jer. 51:41, where alongside of Sheshach we find in parallelism Babylon. The Atbash is, both originally and in the present case, no mere playing with words, but a transposition of
the letters so as to gain a significant meaning, as may plainly be seen in the transposition to ,
Jer. 51:1. This is the case with Sheshach also, which would be a contraction of(see
Ew. §158, c), from to sink (of the water, Gen. 8:1), to crouch (of the bird-catcher,
Jer. 5:26). The sig. is therefore a sinking down, so that the threatening,
Jer. 51:64 : Babel shall sink and
not rise again, constitutes a commentary on the name; cf. Hgstb. Christ. iii. p. 377. The name does not sig. humiliation, in support of which Graf has recourse partly to partly to the Arabic
usage. For other arbitrary interpretations, see in Ges. thes. p. 1486."